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Posts Tagged ‘ethics requirements’

New Year ResolutionAs behavior analysts, we are faced with many responsibilities. Before we even think about seeing clients, we must first acknowledge the need to uphold our ethical obligations. We have a number of rules and principles to keep in mind. These include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Core ethical principles for psychologists
  • BACB Guidelines for Responsible Conduct
  • State Laws
  • Federal Laws

As we embark on the new year, I have a few resolutions for me and my fellow behavior analysts to consider.

  1. I will strive to keep reinforcement a top priority by conducting preference assessments and reinforcer inventories frequently (relates to BACB Guideline 4.05)
  2. I will strive to keep my client’s rights ahead of my own interests and conveniences (relates to BACB Guideline 2.0)
  3. I will strive to engage in professional behaviors at all times so that others view our profession with high regard (relates to BACB Guideline 7.01)
  4. I will strive to remain current in the research related to my area of practice (relates to BACB Guideline 1.03)
  5. I will strive to be the best behavior analyst that I can be (relates to Guideline 1.0)

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The Judge Rotenberg Center has come under fire in recent weeks. Apparently, The Center is literally at the center of a legal battle regarding alleged abuse and neglect to one of its clients. For more detailed information about the ongoing hearings, you may read here, here, here, and here. You may also watch these videos here, here, and here. You should know, this is not the first time The Center has come under fire (read here, here, and here).

At Issue

As best as we can tell, the case appears to be about medical malpractice with regards to treatment for a client. The client, Andre McCollins, was a resident at The Center for a period of time. According to various sources, he engaged in challenging behavior such as aggression, non-compliance, and disruption. According to the video and various sources, the client was restrained for several hours during which he was shocked 31 times. Apparently, the entire incident began because the client wouldn’t take off his coat.

Under Fire

In addition to the lawsuit against The Center, a number of individuals have come under fire. In particular are The Center medical doctor (Dr. James Riley), The Center Clinical Director, (Robert Von Heyn), and The Center Founder (Matthew Israel).

Client Rights

We will not pretend to be experts in the ethical requirements for physicians, despite a previous post on The Hippocratic Oath. We will, however, address client rights as it relates to ethical principles for Psychologists and Behavior Analysts. Dr. Von Heyn and Dr. Israel appear to be psychologists and/or Behavior Analysts.

As a psychologist, one of the general principles is Beneficence and Non-maleficence. Generally speaking, psychologists are to Do No Harm to their clients. It seems as if this general principle was overlooked when the client received 31 instances of electric shock.

As a behavior analyst, the behavior analyst should “recommend reinforcement rather than punishment whenever possible“.

Do Unto Others

Our philosophy in designing programs for individuals with behavioral challenges is to improve quality of life through effective intervention. We do that in a number of ways.

  1. First we modify antecedents to prevent challenging behavior from occurring in the first place.
  2. Then we identify replacement behaviors for the challenging behavior. This is often communication skills but it also includes teaching compliance.
  3. Finally, we reinforce new, appropriate behaviors and we stop reinforcing the problem behavior.

But most important of all, we recommend strategies that are humane. We ask that adults interact with and provide discipline in a respectful manner. We often use the old saying “Do unto others as you would have them do to you”. If you are in the middle of a tantrum, would you want your husband, wife, or teacher to put you in a restraint and yell at you? Probably not.

Please share your thoughts on the case at The JRC. How would you want your loved one to be disciplined?

We are linking up again this week with Erica over at Yeah Write. Please hop on over there to see all the other wonderful posts this week.

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